セルフ塾は閉めましたが、そのままの名前でブログを続けます。独学,独習。教わるより,学ぶを重視。 セルフラーニングの方法,英語,数学などの情報を発信するつもりです。

"やる", "くれる","あげる" and "くださる"
Each of "やる", "くれる","あげる" and "くださる" means "give".
However, they have different nuance.
"やる" and "くれる" are very similar.
"やる" means "A person gives something to other person who is younger or at a low place or the animal, etc.".
 「私が生徒たちに褒美(ほうび)をやった」I gave my students rewards"
「私が鳥にえさをやる」"I give bait to a bird"

"くれる" is used when a person gives something to me or to a person who is at my side.
「いつも姉が私に小遣いをくれる」"The elder sister always gives me the pocket money. "
「友達が妹に花をくれた」"The friend gave my sister the flower. "

Moreover, "やる" and "くれる" are used when I give something to other person.

"あげる" is used when I give something to a person whom I respect.
"I gave a commemorative gift to the principal. "

「くださる」 is used when a person whom I respect gives something to someone".
"The principal gave me the congratulatory telegram. "







編 集 2011年2月20日 01:14

"やる", "くれる","あげる" and "くださる

Hungry Samurai sticks toothpick out of his mouth
In Japan, there is a proverb "武士は食わねど高楊枝[bushi wa kuwanedo takayoji : Hungry Samurai sticks toothpick out of his mouth".
It means that even if a samurai is hungry, he behaves as if he is full.
I interpret that the samurai endures the lack of profit in the present as he chases his high ideals.
The proverb expresses Japanese chivalry well.
John Stuart Mill who was a philosopher said that it is better to be a dissatisfied Socrates than a satisfied pig.
They are very similar.


編 集 2011年2月19日 02:11

Hungry Samurai sticks toothpick out of his mouth

Confucianism (儒教 Jukyo)
Japanese Chivalry developed based on Confucianism.
Samurais learned Confucianism well in Edo period.
Confucianism is teaching of Confucius (孔子) in China.
It is the philosophy that how the human lives.
I think that the Japanese respect bowing and justice because of its influence.


編 集 2011年2月18日 01:27

Confucianism (儒教 Jukyo)
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